|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||2,363,618|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||1,661,773|
3D numerical analysis of arterial thromboembolism through carotid bifurcation
|Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME)|
|مقالات آماده انتشار، پذیرفته شده، انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 19 اردیبهشت 1402 اصل مقاله (3.11 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Research Paper|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22061/jcarme.2023.8916.2202|
|Puria Talebi Barmi1؛ Bahman Vahidi* 2|
|1MSc in biomedical engineering, faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran|
|2Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, North Kargar Street, Tehran, Iran|
|تاریخ دریافت: 07 فروردین 1401، تاریخ بازنگری: 16 اردیبهشت 1402، تاریخ پذیرش: 19 اردیبهشت 1402|
|Arterial embolism is one of the major causes of brain infarction. Investigating the hemodynamic factors of this phenomenon can help us to get a better understanding of this complication. The carotid artery is one of the primary tracts that emboli can go toward the brain through it. In this study, we used a 3D model of the carotid bifurcation, and two geometries, elliptical and spherical, were considered for the clots. Hyperelastic and visco-hyperelastic models were used for the mechanical properties of clots. The governing equations of the fluid are Navier-Stokes and continuity equations and have been solved in an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulation through the fluid-structure interaction method. The hemodynamic parameters of fluid and shear stress on the wall of the carotid artery were calculated. Besides, by using ADINA software, the effective stress (Von Mises stress) of the clots and shear stress created on them were evaluated as well. Results revealed that the elliptical clot has more effects on the hemodynamic parameters of the fluid and the mechanical property of clots has significant effects on the amount of stress created on the clots. Furthermore, clot fracture will not occur due to this point that the maximum effective stress in this study was 1819 Pa but the creation of crack in clots is more probable, and this probability is more for the elliptical clot.|
|Arterial embolism؛ ischemic stroke؛ fluid-solid interaction؛ visco-hyperelastic model؛ wall shear stress|
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